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Home FR Trina Robbins, comedian e-book writer and feminist historian, has died at 85

Trina Robbins, comedian e-book writer and feminist historian, has died at 85

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Along with writing for ‘Surprise Girl,’ the comedian artist was relentless in her efforts to focus on the regularly minimized position of girls in comedian e-book historical past.

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gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw== - Trina Robbins, comedian e-book writer and feminist historian, has died at 85

The American caricature neighborhood has misplaced one among its pioneers, an activist who labored for the popularity of feminine authors within the ninth artwork. American Trina Robbins died on Wednesday, April 10, aged 85. The information was introduced by these near her, together with her daughter Casey Robbins, who paid tribute to her on Fb.

Born in 1938, Trina Pearlson (Robbins is her ex-husband’s surname) grew up in New York in a modest Jewish household initially from Belarus. As quickly as she was sufficiently old to learn, she found comedian books – collections of comedian strips printed on cheap paper, widespread in america. She grew to become fascinated by the adventures of heroines like Surprise Girl, Katy Keene, Patsy Walker and above all Sheena, Queen of the Jungle, with whom she notably recognized, as she advised Le Monde in 2022.

As a teen, she gave up comics for science fiction and attended her first fan conventions. She then blossomed within the bohemian folks circles of New York, one of many epicenters of the American counter-culture within the late Nineteen Fifties. Transferring to California in 1960, she grew to become a self-taught stylist, dressing music stars in hippie garb: David Crosby, Donovan and Cass Elliot of The Mamas and the Papas. She even impressed the primary verse of Joni Mitchell’s music “Women of the Canyon.

In 1966, on the age of 28, she returned to New York to open a clothes boutique. It was at this level that she started submitting comedian strips to underground magazines. She notably designed the outfit for Frank Frazetta’s character Vampirella, whose first episode was printed in 1969. Nonetheless, in her early profession, she recounted encountering sexism from different cartoonists. “They felt very threatened by feminism. And but, publishers and underground newspapers have been keen to print me,” she advised Le Monde. Robbins was very harsh on the American underground comics scene: “a boys-only membership,” she described.

gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw== - Trina Robbins, comedian e-book writer and feminist historian, has died at 85

Step by step, she joined forces with different like-minded sisters, notably Aline Kominsky, Robert Crumb’s future spouse, who handed away two years in the past. She was an energetic contributor to the feminist magazines It Ain’t me, Babe, Wimmen’s Comix, Twisted Sisters, Moist Satin, Tits and Clits and so on. Their most well-liked themes have been sexuality uninhibited by male representations, with an vital place given to lesbianism.

Evaluate of feminine comedian e-book authors

The feminist activist then devoted herself to uncovering forgotten feminine authors in a male-dominated subject. This colossal survey, based mostly on archival analysis, gave rise to a dozen essays, together with “Ladies and the Comics”, co-written in 1985 with Catherine Yronwode, “A Century of Ladies Cartoonists” (1993) and “From Ladies to Grrrlz, A Historical past of Feminine Comics from Teenagers to Zines” (1999). Her writing made it attainable to re-examine the contribution of girls to the historical past of comics and to carry out of oblivion quite a few pioneering ladies, primarily American, who have been marginalized for many years.

Nonetheless, her work as a self-taught historian didn’t lead her to desert her creation. Within the Nineteen Eighties, the activist writer made inroads into mainstream productions. She grew to become the primary lady to supply a “Surprise Girl” mini-series for writer Marvel, after 40 years of male domination of the collection. She additionally took half in Mattel’s Barbie comics, to which she tried to inject depth – an strategy that foreshadowed that of director Greta Gerwig for the movie Barbie (2023).

Robbins suffered the identical destiny because the sidelined feminine authors whose work she ardently sought to carry again into the highlight. It wasn’t till 2013 that she was inducted into the distinguished Will Eisner Corridor of Fame, earlier than receiving an Eisner Award in 2017, the equal of a comics Oscar.

Pierre Trouvé and Pauline Croquet

Translation of an unique article printed in French on lemonde.fr; the writer could solely be chargeable for the French model.

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