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Home FR Physicist Peter Higgs, father of the boson, has died

Physicist Peter Higgs, father of the boson, has died

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In 2013, the British scientist was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for having predicted as early as 1964 the existence of a particle lastly found in 2012 at CERN.

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gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw== - Physicist Peter Higgs, father of the boson, has died

Why do objects have mass? British physicist Peter Higgs, who died on April 8, 2024, in Edinburgh (Scotland) on the age of 94, following “a brief sickness,” in response to the College of Edinburgh, will go down in scientific historical past for having helped reply this query.

In 1964, he postulated the existence of an elementary particle, the boson − a form of lacking piece within the “Normal mannequin” that explains the legal guidelines of the universe. He needed to wait virtually half a century for the development of the Giant Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, based mostly in Geneva, to see his instinct confirmed with the invention of the well-known boson, introduced on July 4, 2012. The very subsequent yr, he was awarded probably the most eagerly anticipated and fastest-awarded Nobel Prize in Physics, together with Belgian François Englert, in Stockholm.

“If this particle did not exist, I would not perceive a factor!” he mentioned in an interview with Le Monde in 2008, simply as CERN’s experiments have been ramping up. 4 years later after being invited to witness the announcement of the invention, he expressed pleasure that it had taken place “in [his] lifetime.” Englert mourned the dying of his fellow countryman Robert Brout (1928-2011), with whom he additionally described the elementary particle in 1964, only a few months earlier than Higgs. This particle would finally bear the title of Higgs alone.

Found as the primary elementary particle since 1994, the Brout-Englert-Higgs boson, noticed with a 99.9999% certainty, stuffed the ultimate hole within the Normal Mannequin, finishing the framework of the 16 particles and three forces that kind abnormal matter. At round 125 GeV (gigaelectron volts), its mass is 133 occasions higher than that of the proton.

The Higgs boson is the “glue” that permits particles to work together with a subject − one which was independently hypothesized by three theoretical physicists − to amass mass. It seems fleetingly in proton collisions near the pace of sunshine, within the 27-kilometer-long particle acceleration tunnel at CERN.

Low productiveness

Born on Might 29, 1929, in Newcastle upon Tyne, Higgs, son of a BBC sound engineer, was raised primarily by his mom. At highschool in Bristol, he grew to become fascinated with the work of a former pupil, Paul Dirac (1902-1984), one of many founders of quantum mechanics. Accepted into King’s School London, he excelled in physics, and in 1954 defended a thesis entitled “Some issues within the principle of molecular vibrations.”

His first tutorial place took him to the College of Edinburgh, the place he spent most of his profession till his retirement in 1996. He as soon as admitted to the Guardian that given his disputes with the establishment’s administration and his low scientific productiveness, he felt he was solely tolerated there for worry of ostracizing a possible Nobel Prize winner. He mentioned he was satisfied that he might by no means have made a profession in in the present day’s hyper-productive world of science.

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