“He’s bought that curmudgeonly attraction that’s arduous to exchange,” stated Obama in March 2015.
Reid, who was the longest-serving senator in Nevada‘s historical past, had been battling pancreatic most cancers. His spouse, Landra Reid, launched an announcement Tuesday night time, calling her husband a “religious household man and deeply loyal pal.” They had been married for 62 years.
President Joe Biden on Tuesday paid tribute to “a terrific American” and a “expensive pal.”
“If Harry stated he would do one thing, he did it. If he gave you his phrase, you might financial institution on it. That’s how he bought issues performed for the nice of the nation for many years,” Biden stated in an announcement.
Reid was a “large,” Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak stated in an announcement. “Maybe what I recognize most about Senator Reid’s legacy is he by no means forgot who he was or the place he got here from,” the Democratic governor stated.
Harry Mason Reid was born in a city he would characterize in his autobiography as “a flyspeck on the map” and “a boomtown gone bust.”
“I come from a mining city,” he wrote with co-author Mark Warren in “The Good Combat: Arduous Classes from Searchlight to Washington.“ “However by the point I got here alongside — December 2, 1939 — the main trade of my hometown of Searchlight, Nevada, was now not mining. It was prostitution.”
Reid’s father was a miner and his mom a laundress. Reid later wrote that they had “zero” faith at house, however there was one determine his dad and mom revered, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. In a city of “arduous rocks and inhospitable soil,” their house was constructed from railroad slats and had no sizzling water or indoor plumbing. At age 58, his father killed himself.
To attend highschool, Harry needed to go 45 miles to Henderson, the place he was elected scholar physique president, took up boxing, and met Landra Gould, who would grow to be his spouse in 1959.
Boxing would form his outlook on life. “In a struggle, you’ve no one that will help you,” he informed Kevin Iole when chosen to the Nevada Boxing Corridor of Fame in 2018, including: “It’s you and that man throughout the ring.“
From Henderson, he went on to Southern Utah College, Utah State, and — since Nevada had no legislation faculty — George Washington College. His first stint in Washington, D.C., led to a job with the Capitol Police. “I might go to legislation faculty at GWU full-time and work full-time in uniform on the Capitol on the 3-to-11 shift,” he wrote in “The Good Combat.” He recalled feeling “fairly invisible.”
Reid returned to Nevada after legislation faculty, and was elected to the state Meeting on the age of 28. He by no means lacked for ambition; in 1974, he ran for the U.S. Senate however misplaced by 624 votes to Paul Laxalt.
In 1977, Gov. Mike O’Callaghan, Reid‘s previous mentor and boxing coach, appointed him to steer the Nevada Gaming Fee, a job that required him to give up all naivete he had concerning the state’s mob-ridden casinos. It was, Reid later wrote, “an intense, surreal time when it typically felt as if I’d wandered into some form of horrible funhouse.” In 1981, a bomb was discovered hooked up to his spouse’s automotive.
After his four-year time period expired, he took one other shot at D.C. and this time he gained, capturing a Home seat in 1982. On the finish of his second Home time period, when Laxalt retired, Reid captured the Senate seat he had sought 12 years earlier than.
He cultivated a repute for gruff speak. “I communicate bluntly,” Reid wrote in 2008. “Typically I might be impulsive. I consider one thing to be proper, and I do it. After which I don’t fear about it. This has not essentially served me nicely, however it’s who I’m. I might be nobody else.”
Years later, Nevada political journalist Jon Ralston seemed at that 1986 marketing campaign, marveling at the way it had launched the Senate profession of a person he known as “a Machiavelli of malaprops.” Reid was, he stated, “a totally unprepossessing man and manifestly horrible candidate who nonetheless achieved unlikely marketing campaign victories and went on to achieve the head of congressional energy.
Within the Senate, Reid established himself as strongly partisan, a troublesome battler on Nevada and Western land administration points, and a liberal with some conservative leanings (resembling on the difficulty of abortion). He typically got here beneath fireplace on ethics points, notably in his fondness for Nevada pursuits, together with the on line casino trade.
Reid additionally quickly developed a repute for direct insults, as when he challenged Ross Perot in a 1993 Senate listening to, not lengthy after Perot had drawn nearly 20 % of the vote within the presidential election. “I believe you need to begin checking your info a bit extra, and cease listening to the applause a lot,“ Reid informed him.
Reid turned a part of the Democratic management in 1995, as co-chair of the Senate Democratic Coverage Committee, then moved as much as grow to be his occasion’s whip in 1999. In November 2004, Reid watched in shock as presidential candidate John Kerry and Senate Minority Chief Tom Daschle had been defeated — and immediately adopted that by gathering the help he wanted to grow to be his occasion’s chief in Washington.
“By the flip of the millennium, Reid’s group was formidable,” Ralston wrote in 2013. “He introduced in proficient Democratic operatives from across the nation, as he grew extra partisan, too, forsaking any pretense that he was ‘unbiased like Nevada.‘ As he moved up within the Democratic hierarchy, Reid needed to fly the partisan flag extra usually.”
Reid’s first huge take a look at was on President George W. Bush’s proposal to denationalise Social Safety, on which he led Democratic opposition that helped to in the end doom the laws. “We’re not going to let Wall Road hijack Social Safety. It gained’t occur,“ he informed NBC‘s Tim Russert in 2004.
Democrats gained management of the Senate in 2006, propelling Reid to the place of majority chief. After the election, Reid turned a extra vocal critic of the Iraq Conflict. By no means a fan of Bush, he informed the president, “Mr. President, this battle can’t be gained militarily. It’s improper to proceed to ship troopers right into a battle that can not be gained militarily.”
Reid adopted that up with a public pronouncement that the battle was misplaced, one thing that Bush would later characterize as “probably the most irresponsible acts I witnessed in my eight years in Washington.” Bush and Reid didn’t usually discover themselves on the identical aspect, although Reid was credited In October 2008 with skillfully rescuing a bailout bundle that had gone right down to defeat within the Home.
When one of many junior members of his caucus was elected to succeed Bush, Reid turned one of many strongest advocates for Barack Obama’s initiatives, together with his efforts to shepherd Obama’s 2009 stimulus bundle and go what got here to be referred to as Obamacare. It wasn’t all the time straightforward, as Reid had spoken skeptically of Obama through the 2008 marketing campaign, and, after he was elected, Obama stored a sure distance from Congress.
“Reid dealt with a lot of the care and feeding of the caucus,” wrote Jonathan Alter in “The Heart Holds: Obama and His Enemies,” “that Obama spoke even to Democratic senators he genuinely preferred not more than than two or 3 times a 12 months.”
For his half, Obama praised Reid’s management within the Senate. “Harry has the hardest job in Washington,” Obama informed the New York Occasions in 2010. “He’s performed pretty much as good a job as anyone may have performed. He simply grinds it out.”
Obama on Tuesday shared a letter he wrote to Reid towards the top of his life. Landra had requested Obama and others to write down letters she may learn to her husband.
“As totally different as we’re, I believe we each noticed one thing of ourselves in one another — a few outsiders who had defied the chances and knew how one can take a punch and cared concerning the little man. And you recognize what, we made for a reasonably good crew,” Obama wrote. “The world is best reason behind what you’ve performed. Not dangerous for a thin, poor child from Searchlight.”
Former Republican Home Speaker John Boehner on Tuesday recalled his “sincere” friendship with Reid.
“We disagreed on many issues, typically famously. However we had been all the time sincere with one another. Within the years after we left public service, that honesty turned a bond. Harry was a fighter till the top. RIP, my pal,” he stated in an announcement.
Senate Minority Chief Mitch McConnell on Tuesday praised Reid’s “legendary toughness, bluntness, and tenacity.”
“I by no means doubted that Harry was all the time doing what he earnestly, deeply felt was proper for Nevada and our nation,” McConnell stated in an announcement.
Senate Majority Chief Chuck Schumer known as Reid “probably the most wonderful people I’ve ever met.”
“He was tough-as-nails robust, however caring and compassionate, and all the time went out of his means quietly to assist individuals who wanted assist,” Schumer stated in an announcement. “He was my chief, my mentor, certainly one of my dearest mates.”
A lot maligned by tea occasion Republicans, Reid was the highest Republican goal in 2010. He had confronted a troublesome problem in 1998 from John Ensign, retaining his seat by a mere 234 votes. Reid bought a lift when former state Assemblywoman Sharron Angle gained the 2010 GOP main over more-established Republican figures and shortly started to implode.
“Within the 20 years that I’ve been concerned politically, I’ve by no means had the misfortune of working with such sheer, utter incompetence,”stated Chris LaCivita, political director for the Nationwide Republican Senatorial Committee, of Angle’s marketing campaign after Reid gained by 5 proportion factors.
That election, nonetheless, did go away Reid with a diminished majority and put the Home in Republican palms. Legislative victories can be more durable to return by. In 2013, in acknowledgment of that actuality, Reid and his fellow Democrats modified the bottom guidelines when it got here to filibusters, significantly limiting their use when it got here to presidential appointments. “The American folks consider the Senate is damaged, and I consider the American individuals are proper,” Reid stated. Republican Senate chief McConnell dubbed it a “energy seize,“ although the Kentucky Republican would make use of these guidelines as soon as Donald Trump was elected president in 2016.
“We had over 100 judges that we couldn’t get authorized, so I had no selection,” Reid informed the New York Occasions a number of years later. “Both Obama’s presidency can be a joke or Obama’s presidency can be certainly one of fruition.”
Democrats misplaced the Senate majority in November 2014. Weeks later, the health aficionado — the boxer had over time grow to be a marathon runner — sustained a serious eye harm whereas exercising. The harm to his proper eye was so extreme he underwent a number of surgical procedures and sported an eye fixed patch on the Hill.
In March 2015, he introduced he wouldn’t search a sixth Senate time period. There was some hypothesis that he did so as a result of he feared a troublesome battle in 2016, however Ralston dismissed that notion. “Reid is numerous issues: Brusque with everybody, grasp of unusual locutions, nasty along with his enemies. However one factor he’s not is afraid,” he wrote.
Subsequent elections indicated Reid retained appreciable affect on Nevada politics, serving to to drag Democrats Catherine Cortez Masto and Jacky Rosen over the end line in intently contested Senate elections in 2016 and 2018. Their victories had been seen as a tribute to Reid’s political energy.
“It’s the one state within the nation,” Marc Caputowrote in 2019, “whose U.S. senators are each ladies and the place ladies represent the vast majority of the state Legislature and congressional delegation — a triumph of progressivism and political group powered by former Senate Majority Chief Harry Reid’s vaunted political machine.“
Reid additionally remained a critic of President Donald Trump and his previous foes in Congress. “Persons are beneath the misunderstanding that Trump created the Republican Congress. Flawed. They created him, they created him,” he stated in 2017.
Myah Ward contributed to this text.